I think these are the coolest chess-people ever invented:
Vikings. About 900 years old, discovered (some say by a cow) in a remote Scottish isle, about 200 year ago.
The Lewis Chessmen – seemingly originating from Trondheim, Norway in the 12th Century. 93 of them – which would tend to suggest they belonged to someone trading them… or delivering a commission, rather than being someone’s personal gaming-set. 93 is quite a lot for chess, even in 12th Century Norway.
Still – my best friend at school had a repro set of these chess pieces back in the day. These little people have been a presence in my life for a long long time.
Which I think looks pretty convincing. Ordinarily you can take “examples of the golden mean in art that feature the human body” with a massive grain of salt with regards “was it consciously used?” – because the human body DOES contain quite a lot of instances of the golden mean – so it would show up a fair bit.
These are quite heavily stylized though – so the coincidences are a little more stretched.
I’d still be mildly surprised if it was a conscious design decision though (although the documentary says it’s a fusion of Viking and Roman styles)… I’d say that the artist just had a really good eye.
Still there it is – I thought it was quite interesting – and these chess pieces are amazing, regardless.